European Research Area, ERA
The European Research Area, ERA, is a vision within the EU of a strong research Europe that is open to the world and where researchers, scientific knowledge and technology can move freely. The vision of the European Research Area is realised through various actions within the EU, including through the framework programme for research and innovation, but also through EU-level working groups dealing with gender equality and open access to scientific publications.
Our work for open science
The European Commission recommends open access to scientific publications – so called open access – and open access to research data. We have the role of National Point of Reference, NPR, when it comes to open access to scientific publications. This means that we act as the Commission's contact in Sweden. . We also participate in the Standing Working Group on Open Science and Innovation.
Gender equality network
In terms of gender equality issues, we participate in the large GENDER-NET network, which is funded by the European Commission. We also participate in a working group that advises the Commission on gender equality issues, and contribute statistics to the Commission's She Figures report on gender equality statistics in Europe. In addition, personnel from the Swedish Research Council who have been working on gender equality observations in connection with the assessment of applications for research grants, have acted as advisors to other European research councils
The Swedish Research Council participates in a number of partnership programmes, consisting of research programmes jointly funded by the EU framework programmes and national funding bodies. Those partnership programmes the Swedish Research Council funds are summarised by the innovation agency Vinnova in an annual report on Sweden’s activities in European research and innovation programmes (the report is available in Swedish only).
There are different types of partnership programmes. Most are focused on raising funds for collaborative research involving researchers from several countries. One example is FLAG-ERA II, which is a so-called ERA-net. The purpose of FLAG-ERA II is to link the national funding bodies with the two EU flagships that deal respectively with the material graphene (Graphene Project) and the human brain (Human Brain Project), and which are both run by researchers. The Swedish Research Council coordinates a number of the activities through a work package that focuses on research relating to the material graphene.
Joint Programming Initiative
Another type of partnership programme are those related to joint programme planning, the so-called Joint Programming Initiatives, JPIs. The first ones were launched in 2008, and there are now 10 JPIs that address various societal challenges. The programmes are run by the participating countries and also include non-EU countries. The aim of the programmes is to make it possible for countries to formulate and push through joint research strategies. By coordinating their national research initiatives, the member states can together create better conditions for tackling societal challenges and achieving an impact in society. The Swedish Research Council participates in three Joint Programming Initiatives:
- Joint Programming Antimicrobial Resistance, JPIAMR (link to the website) aims to coordinate research within the field of antimicrobial resistance. The participating countries have developed a joint strategic research agenda to support national research strategies and priorities. With the research agenda as a basis, the JPIAMR implements transnational calls for research grants. Sweden hosts the JPIAMR Secretariat via the Swedish Research Council.
- Joint Programme Neurodegenerative Disease Research, JPND (link to the website) aims to coordinate research on neurodegenerative diseases. The participating countries have developed a joint research agenda to support national research strategies and priorities. With that as a basis, the JPND implements transnational calls for research grants.
- Joint Programming Connecting Climate Knowledge for Europe, JPI-Climate (link to the website) aims to coordinate climate research and decision bases for societal innovation to climate-proof Europe.
Science Europe consists of approximately 40 research funding bodies and organisations conducting research, from 27 European countries. In addition to the Swedish Research Council, which is responsible for national coordination, Formas and Forte also participate from Sweden.
The aim of Science Europe is to contribute to the realisation of the European Research Area, ERA. Science Europe monitors and manages research policy issues that are important to the member organisations. Examples of what these involve are the design of EU framework programmes or recommendations on issues relating to research ethics, gender equality, open access to scientific publications and open access to research data.
PublISHED ON 01 June 2018
UpDATED ON 27 November 2019